Valley Foot Care, Inc.

Patient Education Library

Preventative Foot Care


  • Use hand held mirror or floor mirror to visually inspect your feet
  • Ask a family member to help you if necessary
  • Look for blisters, cracks, scratches and cuts
  • Look for drainage and note color and odor
  • Look for redness, skin changes and excessive swelling
  • Note any peculiar sensations, such as burning, tingling “pins and needles”, or shooting pains
  • Note any cramping in the calf or foot
  • Let your doctor know what you have found so that the problem is caught early and may be addressed properly



  • Look at bottom of shoes for tacks, nails, etc.
  • Look inside shoes before you put them on each day
  • Be careful when buying new shoes-be sure you have room for the size and shape of your feet
  • Exercise caution with new shoes- a slow break-in period helps prevent blisters
  • Avoid sandals with thongs between the toes
  • Avoid socks/stockings with a tight elastic top



  • Avoid use of heating pads and water bottles on feet
  • Avoid placing feet on electric heaters and radiators to keep warm
  • Watch out for hot pavement and sand in warms states-always wear shoes outside
  • Watch out for cold exposure( frostbite) in cold states-wear thick socks and waterproof shoes
  • Use sunscreen on the tops of your feet in the summer



  • Clean your feet daily- wash gently with warm soapy water and dry carefully (especially between toes)
  • Avoid soaking your feet as it can cause skin to dry and crack
  • Use lotion for dry feet-but never apply it between the toes
  • Wear white cotton socks if your feet sweat (avoid nylon socks)



  • Avoid walking barefoot-indoors and outdoors
  • Avoid self-treatment (salves, ointments, needles, pumice stones, emery boards, etc.)
  • Avoid cutting corns and calluses yourself
  • Avoid over-the-counter callus and corn remover pads-they contain a mild acid which damages healthy skin if used improperly
  • Avoid caffeine and smoking as they affect the blood supply to the feet
  • Avoid excessive alcohol as it affects the nerve supply to the feet
  • Good glucose control helps prevent complications of diabetes, such as visual disturbances, kidney diseases and nerve damage
  • Daily exercise helps improve blood flow to your feet
  • See your Podiatrist regularly for routine foot exams
  • Diabetic patients should visit their Podiatrist at a minimum of once per year
Private Practice Since 1997