Although certain types of flat-foot can be inherited, there are some people with flat foot features that have been acquired through time. Certain types of flat-foot, which may be accompanied by calf cramping, can be caused by an overuse of a tendon that supports the arch throughout the gait cycle. This tendon, known as the tibialis posterior tendon, is responsible for pushing the foot forward during the gait cycle, as well as helping the foot swing through the air. When this tendon is overused, it becomes inflamed, irritated and painful. Depending on the individual, the treating doctor may use a variety of treatments directed at relieving the irritated tendon, such as medicine and custom arch supports, in which a plaster impression is taken of the foot which balances more effectively the foot’s interaction with the ground, thereby reducing or alleviating the pain completely. By providing support, the stress on the tendon is substantially reduced and calf pain can be eliminated. Valley Foot Care, Inc. specializes in and takes interest in prescribing and making custom foot orthotics designed to meet the unique needs of one’s foot. In doing so, our goal is to alleviate foot pain and make participating in daily activities enjoyable again.
Flat foot is aggravated by increased walking, running and exercise.
Flat foot can be inherited but can also be aggravated by obesity, pregnancy and arthritis. It can also be caused by tendon injury in which a very powerful tendon in the foot no longer holds up the arch. Seek help from your podiatrist if your pain does not resolve or improve.
If untreated flat feet can lead to painful arthritis of the ankle and a loss of mobility and the ability to perform daily tasks. It can also lead to ankle pain and swelling as well as plantar fasciitis and heel pain in which the band or ligament that supports the bottom of the foot becomes fatigued. It can also lead to bunions (a painful bump near the big toe joint) and hammer toes in which the toes become curled.